Phase I and Phase II Environmental Site Assessments (ESAs)
Our team has performed successful due diligence investigations on thousands of properties across the US and Canada, including:
Our depth of expertise and responsive service have earned the trust of lenders, property managers, developers, and business owners as well as other environmental consulting firms.
Lakeland works with clients to provide the correct scope of due diligence in line with acceptable risk levels:
Quick Overview: What do the Phases mean?
A limited study of site features and historical records, per ASTM E1528-14. Allows some risk assessment but does not offer liability protection under CERCLA.
An in-depth non-invasive study of the property and relevant historical records per ASTM E1527-13 . Offers certain liability protections under CERCLA.
Invasive sampling and analysis of the site, often by subsurface drilling. A Phase II is typically performed at the advisement of Phase I findings. In cases when contamination is initially suspected, a combined Phase I/Phase II can be performed to save time.
Following the findings of Phase I/Phase II investigations, Phase III is the remediation of adverse site conditions including soil removal, tank removal, hazardous waste removal, and groundwater clean-up. This work is usually performed with input by state or local environmental authorities.